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Organisation

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Plenary Assembly

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The Liechtenstein Parliament – the Landtag – consists of 25 members. It exercises its rights in the sessions of the complete Landtag. Deliberations on laws are also usually carried out in the Plenary Assembly. This is why the Landtag is described as a “working Parliament“. In comparison with other parliaments, not many tasks are delegated to commissions. When commissions are formed, it is mainly the case that they only have to prepare certain aspects of business for the complete Landtag and to formulate the corresponding motions.


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All the members of the Landtag are “part-time Parliamentarians”, i.e., they have a political function but follow their occupation at the same time. They receive an all-in remuneration of CHF 20,000 per year and a daily allowance of CHF 300 (or CHF 200 for a half-day). In addition, they receive the same sum for preparatory work for each day that Parliament is in session. Members of the Landtag cannot be held legally accountable for their remarks in Parliament. They enjoy immunity to the extent that during the Parliamentary session they may only be arrested subject to the consent of the Landtag (except when they are caught in the act).


The President and the Vice-President of the Landtag

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The President of the Landtag and the Vice-President are each elected for the current year at the Opening Session. The President of the Landtag convenes the sessions in the course of the year; he chairs the sessions and represents the Landtag externally. The Vice-President of the Landtag represents him when he is not available.


The Bureau of the Parliament consists of the President of the Landtag, the Vice-President and the spokespersons for the four groups. The Landtag Secretary belongs to it in an advisory capacity. The Bureau of the Parliament advises the President, especially when the agenda for the sessions of the Landtag is drawn up. It prepares the budget of the Landtag and decides the employment of staff for the Parliamentary Service.


Also in the Opening Session, the Landtag elects three standing commissions: the Foreign Affairs Commission, the Finance Commission and the Audit Commission. Only the Finance Commission has decision-making powers in that it can take decisions in respect of certain financial transactions (including land purchases). All the standing commissions consist of five Members of the Landtag.


According to the Rules of Procedure, the Landtag may also appoint special commissions. These may consist of three or five members. Their term of office ends with the completion of their task, but at the latest with the expiry
of their mandate period. The task of the special commissions is to prepare individual laws or other business and to submit a corresponding motion to the complete Landtag. The EEA Commission checks EEA legal regulations todetermine whether they require the consent of the Landtag.

Investigative commissions are formed under a strong minority right: on the application of only seven members, the Landtag is obliged to appoint an investigative commission.


Parliamentary delegations

At the start of a mandate period, the Landtag elects the delegations to the international Parliamentary committees in which it is represented. In each case, these are two delegates and two substitutes for the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the EFTA/EEA Parliamentary Committee, the Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE, the Interparliamentary Union (IPU) and four delegates for the Lake Constance Parliamentary Commission. The election of these delegations is for the whole
mandate period, i.e., for four years.


The Parliamentary Groups form a bridge between the Parties and the Members. Before a matter is discussed in the Landtag, the Members come together in internal Party meetings of the Groups. These serve for Group opinionforming. This does not mean there is a Party whip but a certain Group discipline does apply. The opinion of the Group is made known in the Landtag by the Group spokesperson. The Groups are entitled to their own conference room. To form a Parliamentary Group, there must be at least three members.


In the opening session each year, the Landtag traditionally elects two Clerks who count the votes. In the past, they also had to keep the minutes and to read out the drafts.


National Committee

The National Committee exercises the rights of the Landtag when the Landtag is not in session and therefore cannot exercise its functions (i.e., from the adjourning of Parliament at the end of one year to its reopening at the beginning of the following year, or in the case of the suspension or dissolution of the Landtag). The National Committee consists of the President of Parliament and four other members whereby the two electoral districts must be equally represented. The National Committee cannot enter into permanent obligations for the country.


The duties and method of work of the Landtag are governed by the Constitution, the Conductance of Business Act and the Rules of Procedure.


Landtag des Fürstentums Liechtenstein -- Postfach 684 -- Peter-Kaiser-Platz 3 -- Tel. +423 / 236 65 71 -- Fax +423 / 236 65 80 -- info@landtag.li